By Jean-Pierre Olivier De Sardan
This publication re-establishes the relevance of mainstream anthropological (and sociological) methods to improvement techniques and concurrently acknowledges that modern improvement should be anthropology's vital quarter of analysis. The creation presents a thought-provoking exam of the primary new methods that experience emerged within the self-discipline throughout the Nineties. half I then makes transparent the complexity of social swap and improvement, and the ways that socio-anthropology can degree as much as the problem of this complexity. half II appears to be like extra heavily at a few of the best variables concerned with the improvement procedure, together with kin of creation; the logics of social motion; the character of data; types of mediation; and "political" options.
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Additional resources for Anthropology and Development: Understanding Comtemporary Social Change
The only interest of this type of general opposition is to underline an undeniable, massive cleavage seen from a ‘broad perspective’: developers, on one hand, and developees, on the other, do not belong to the same life world. But it is obviously not a matter of two homogeneous categories. ODSardan 02a 15/12/04 40 6:58 am Page 40 SOCIO - ANTHROPOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT 4 These theories are more and more tied nowadays to the different neo-liberal trends, in consequence of the collapse of trends formerly in competition (themselves normative and macroeconomic), in particular those connected to marxism and which advocate a breakaway from the world market.
It is indeed true that ‘development’ is not a concept. But it is this very ‘object’ status that allows us to speak of anthropology of development without taking over conceptions held by ‘developers’. Urban anthropology can be carried out even if ‘town’ is not a concept and without assuming an urbanist’s ideology! Kilani criticizes the heterogeneous nature of development as an object for anthropology, which, he says, leaves no room for the ‘general viewpoints ‘, or coherent theoretical developments, that are supposed to be the characteristics ODSardan 02a 15/12/04 30 6:58 am Page 30 SOCIO - ANTHROPOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT of real anthropology (ibid: 27).
4 However, and to say the least, these theories are not founded on any in-depth knowledge of the life worlds of ‘grassroots’ social actors or their means of coping with their reality. On the other hand, closer to home, populist rhetoric, participatory ideologies and humanitarian goodwill, which all more or less propose themselves as alternatives, are hardly better informed. There is no way of cutting the cost of a more specific and more intense analysis, situated in greater proximity to ‘real’ social interactions.