By G.R.H. Wright
The subsequent résumé examine bargains with construction fabric, which including development and buildings, types one of many 3 features of establishing, or both one of many 3 components which represent the character of a development. in contrast to present manuals on historical construction, this provides an analytic presentation and the subject material extends throughout every age and areas. The remedy of fabrics is determined out in keeping with a paradigm of nature, manufacture and use, with the intention to facilitate direct comparability among various modes of the only fabric, as additionally among assorted fabrics and among varied development traditions. This moment half is released in volumes, the 1st containing texts, the second one greater than three hundred illustrations.
Readership: educational libraries, scholars and students of paintings and archaeology within the historical global.
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Extra resources for Ancient Building Technology: Volume 2: Materials (Technology and Change in History 7) (v. 2)
However in trees the distinction very closely corresponds with the common knowledge terms, soft and hardwoods. The larger individual cell structure means the “soft wood” is less dense; while the closely packed small cells means the “hard wood” is very dense. The former is thus softer, lighter and weaker. The latter being harder, heavier and stronger. The former has the advantage of being light and easier to work. The latter has the advantage of strength and resistance to decay. From the foregoing indication of the nature of wood on the tree it can be seen that a very considerable technical understanding of wood was required to convert standing trees into units suitable for use as building material.
Lead, also, because it is exceptionally workable (it is very malleable and pliable) is a useful auxilliary building material—until contemporary days it was the basis of plumbing. Sprigs of lead can be hammered home to wedge other metals in place. Lead is also a useful sealant between blocks of masonry, when waterproof construction is required as in bathrooms. A good example of this can be seen at the Late Bronze Age site of Hala Sultan Tekke in Cyprus. The ﬁrst appearance of iron as a common building material was its use by the Greeks in Classical times for reinforcing stone lintels and architraves.
They have outlasted various changing modes in which they were used. And these modes in turn have outlasted the building styles in which they were embodied. In that sense primary building materials may be seen as “long durée” parameters of history (if there is any point in using that now fashionable term). Primary building materials certainly outlasted the Ancient World—but nothing lasts forever. Structural steel and ferro-concrete took over much during the 19th century and during the 21st century it is possible that entirely synthetic building materials may become predominant.