By Otto Michael Lesch MD, Henriette Walter MD, Christian Wetschka PhD, Michie N. Hesselbrock PhD, Victor Hesselbrock PhD (auth.)
Alcohol and nicotine habit usually happen jointly. over the past ten years healing points and motivational thoughts were significantly more desirable. as a result, teams and subgroups were outlined and will be handled with particular drugs and tailored psychotherapies, major within the long-term to significantly higher and more advantageous effects than the as soon as widely utilized, rigorous abstinence -based cures. notwithstanding, alcohol and nicotine dependancy nonetheless characterize significant scientific and social problems.
In this ebook, new healing techniques are comprehensively defined, outlining different interactions among character, setting and the consequences of the substance.
In addition to prevention-based treatments and analysis, crucial mental and sociological techniques, in addition to medication-based cures, also are provided intimately. All of those remedies have reasonable goals and are of world validity. additionally, the e-book offers a extensive review of the yankee and eu epidemiology of alcohol and nicotine addictions. The publication is written for all those that take care of and provide specialist treatment for alcohol and nicotine-addicted patients.
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Extra info for Alcohol and Tobacco: Medical and Sociological Aspects of Use, Abuse and Addiction
As it has become more widely known that passive smoking also damages health, smoke-free zones have been set-up in 39 4 Prevention strategies several countries. In Austria this is only being slowly introduced and in some stressful situations (e. g. in hospitals) people still smoke. Approximately 30 % of the population smoke, although smoking behaviour decreases with age. At the age of 18, more than 50 % of men smoke and similar kinds of smoking behaviour can be expected in women. Studies of female smokers are needed in almost all areas.
These results show that there is a common aetiology of tobacco and alcohol addiction and cannabis abuse, while in regard to opiates there are different aetiological paths to addiction (Figs. 12 and 13). Although it is well known that alcohol addicts often smoke it is important to know which smoking behaviour is used by which group of alcohol addicts (e. g. Fagerstroem positive vs. Fagerstroem negative). We therefore conducted a study with 100 smoking alcoholics and we were able to show that the smoking behaviour varies de- 32 pending on the subgroups of alcohol addicts.
2006, 2007). When smoking behaviour was correlated with drinking behaviour, smokers stated signiﬁcantly more often that they drink alcohol because they desire its psychopharmacological effects. The CAGE Questionnaire consists of four questions and when a question is answered positively, alcohol abuse according to DSM-IV can be hypothesized. 2006, 2007, Fig. 11). When this tool was used with smokers and non-smokers, a signiﬁcantly higher number of alcohol abus- Aetiological aspects of tobacco and alcohol dependence from an epidemiological perspective Fig.