By Bruce Dean Willis
Read or Download Aesthetics of Equilibrium: The Vanguard Poetics of Vicente Huidobro and Mario de Andrade (Purdue Studies in Romance Literatures) PDF
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Extra info for Aesthetics of Equilibrium: The Vanguard Poetics of Vicente Huidobro and Mario de Andrade (Purdue Studies in Romance Literatures)
The opposite duo, of master and female slave, suggests the father and daughter relationship. Such a relationship, in the context of the master and slave hierarchy, has been shown by Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar to be typically mythological: Like the metaphor of literary paternity itself, this corollary notion that the chief creature man has generated is woman has a long and complex history. From Eve, Minerva, Sophia, and Galatea onward, after all, patriarchal mythology deﬁnes women as created by, from, and for men, the children of male brains, ribs, and ingenuity.
Genesis not only tells the story of an initial creation, but also of a punitive destruction by ﬂood and a second ﬂourishing of life; similarly, Revelation is not just the story of the Earth’s ultimate demise but also of the subsequent revelation of the divine, ideal existence. Not surprisingly then, Mário’s Genesis-based parable implies an apocalypse, while Huidobro’s Revelation-based text invokes a new Eden. It is this duality of creation and destruction, inarguably basic in folk and religious cosmologies, that characterizes the mission of a new poetry in the writings of these two avant-garde leaders.
The gender roles in both parables go beyond the elaboration of the fundamental dialectic of the self and the other by serving, additionally, to differentiate the masculine and feminine essences of poetic creation. In both cases, the slave’s rebellion, or the desire to link individual expression with the collective unconscious, is expressed in terms of an agent and a recipient; the agent is the masculine force of language and the recipient is the feminine force of nature. This description emphasizes 17 Introduction the dual nature of poetic creation, not unlike the Taoist concept of yin and yang, and conveys the idea that the revolution aims not to change from one side to the other, but rather to restore the balance between them.