By Barbara Fischer, Thomas C. Fox
Probably the most self reliant thinkers in German highbrow background, the Enlightenment writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729-1781) contributed in decisive and lasting type to literature, philosophy, theology, feedback, and drama idea. As a playwright, Lessing invented a brand new German dramatic style, the bourgeois tragedy or bürgerliches Trauerspiel, and wrote one of many first profitable German tragedies, Miß Sara Sampson, in addition to one of many best German comedies, Minna von Barnhelm. In his ultimate dramatic masterpiece, Nathan der Weise (Nathan the clever, 1779), he writes of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam, of spiritual tolerance and intolerance and the conflict of civilizations. Lessing's dramas are the oldest German theater items nonetheless played on a regular basis on German and foreign levels. either his performs and his drama thought have encouraged such writers as Goethe, Schiller, Hebbel, Hauptmann, Ibsen, Strindberg, Schnitzler, and Brecht. Addressing an viewers starting from graduate scholars to professional students, this quantity introduces Lessing's existence and occasions and locations him in the broader context of the ecu Enlightenment. It discusses his pathbreaking dramas, his both progressive theoretical, severe, and aesthetic writings, his unique fables, his leading edge paintings in philosophy and theology, and his major contributions to Jewish emancipation. the quantity concludes by way of interpreting the reception of Lessing and his oeuvre in Nazi Germany, within the former East and West Germanys, and in modern severe thought. participants: Barbara Fischer, Thomas C. Fox, Steven D. Martinson, Klaus L. Berghahn, John Pizer, Beate Allert, H. B. Nisbet, Arno Schilson, Willi Goetschel, Peter Höyng, Karin A. Wurst, Ann Schmiesing, Reinhart Meyer, Hans-Joachim Kertscher, Hinrich C. Seeba, Dieter Fratzke, Helmut Berthold, Herbert Rowland. Barbara Fischer is affiliate professor of German and Thomas C. Fox is professor of German, either on the collage of Alabama.
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Extra resources for A Companion to the Works of Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture)
39 But performances in the twentieth century began to read the play as a criticism of Prussia; the last lines, spoken by Tellheim’s comrade Werner, are ambiguous, promising Werner’s beloved a comfortable, honored existence, or perhaps widowhood: “Geb’ Sie mir Ihre Hand, Frauenzimmerchen! Topp! ”40 Minna von Barnhelm remains a frequently staged comedy in German-speaking repertoires today, and has been used as a model for film versions, including one by the Nazis and one by the East Germans, who used it to glorify Prussia and to denigrate it, respectively.
O, mein Fräulein, welche Gerechtigkeit! ”39 But performances in the twentieth century began to read the play as a criticism of Prussia; the last lines, spoken by Tellheim’s comrade Werner, are ambiguous, promising Werner’s beloved a comfortable, honored existence, or perhaps widowhood: “Geb’ Sie mir Ihre Hand, Frauenzimmerchen! Topp! ”40 Minna von Barnhelm remains a frequently staged comedy in German-speaking repertoires today, and has been used as a model for film versions, including one by the Nazis and one by the East Germans, who used it to glorify Prussia and to denigrate it, respectively.
He found new acquaintances and enjoyed a large circle of friends, met with the famous writers Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock and Matthias Claudius, the liberal pastor Julius Gustav Alberti (1723–1772), and Lessing’s later adversary, the orthodox Chief Pastor Johann Melchior Goeze (1717–1786). Lessing was a friend of the family of Hermann Samuel Reimarus (1694–1768), professor of Hebrew and oriental languages and author of the unpublished manuscript “Apologie oder Schutzschrift für die vernüftigen Verehrer Gottes” (Apology for Rational Worshippers of God).